What is a cardiovascular disease?

Cardiovascular diseases are heart conditions caused by an obstruction of normal blood flow to the heart either through narrowed or blocked blood vessels. Some heart conditions include:

  • Heart Attacks
  • Strokes
  • Heart Failure
  • Arrhythmia
  • Cardiac Arrest

How are obesity and cardiovascular disease related?

Patients suffering from obesity have a large amount of fat cells in their bloodstream. This excess fat causes build up over time that clogs major arteries and vessels that allow blood flow to vital organs – including the heart.

How does cardiovascular disease affect your health and lifestyle?

If left untreated, cardiovascular diseases can have significant life-threatening effects. Some obesity-related heart conditions include:

  • Heart Failure: A fatal condition that stops the heart from pumping blood to the rest of the body
  • Heart Attack: A blood clot that blocks blood flow to the heart, damaging the heart muscle.
  • Stroke: Artery blockage that keeps the body from pumping enough blood to the brain.
  • Aneurysm: Arterial-wall swelling that causes fatal internal bleeding.
  • Peripheral Artery Disease: Insufficient blood flow to the limbs.
  • Sudden Cardiac Arrest: A sudden loss of heart function, breath and consciousness – often fatal if not treated immediately.

How can you reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease?

Cardiovascular conditions can be reduced by following rigorous lifestyle changes. Methods include:

  • Weight loss through frequent exercise and dieting.
  • The consumption of doctor-administered weight loss medication to help adjust the body’s metabolic process in digesting food.
  • A reduction or elimination of alcohol consumption and smoking.
  • Bariatric surgery to get rid of the body’s fat stores.