A stroke occurs when normal blood flow to the brain is disrupted and causes the brain to lack a proper supply of oxygen. The types of strokes a patient can experience are:
- Ischemic: The most common type of stroke which occurs when blood flow to the brain is majorly reduced due to clogged or blocked vessels.
- Transient Ischemic: A transient ischemic attack or “mini-stroke,” occurs when the brain temporarily loses its supply of oxygen or blood.
- Hemorrhagic: This type of stroke is characterized by ruptures or leaks in blood vessels due to hypertension and clogged blood vessels.
Obesity causes an increase in the blockage of major blood vessels which progressively works to cut off blood supply to organs and various regions of the body.
A stroke can cause temporary or permanent damage to the body. Symptoms of a stroke include:
- Abnormal brain functions resulting in memory loss or thinking difficulty
- A loss of mobility either partially or fully
- Difficulty in swallowing or speaking
- Emotional trauma
- Severe pain
The effects of a stroke can be treated in most cases through urgent medical attention by a qualified professional and through certain medication.
Strokes are preventable through:
- The practice of healthy eating to promote weight loss.
- Adherence to a moderate exercise routine which will also encourage weight loss and a healthy lifestyle.